Independence Hall was built from 1732 to 1756. It is a famous historical monument in the United States and a symbol of American independence. There are only three rooms, only a few tables, and no more than a dozen chairs, but it was the seat of the U.S. Congress and the Supreme Court, where the Declaration of Independence was signed and the U.S. Constitution was ratified. The separation of legislative, judicial and executive powers began from then on, and justice and fairness were established on the basis of this procedure. The Independence Building was originally the Pennsylvania State Capitol during the colonial period.
The First and Second American Continental Congresses were held here in September 1774 and May 1775, and on July 2, 1776, the Continental Congress, composed of representatives of the 13 British American colonies, was held here, and passed on July 4 The Declaration of Independence, drafted by Jackson, declared that the North American colonies would secede from Britain and establish a “free and independent United States”. During the American Revolutionary War, Congress commanded operations in the Hall of Independence, where it created 0 and established permanent federal regulations for the United States of America. On May 25, 1787, representatives of 13 states convened a constitutional convention here, presided over by Washington, and passed and signed the U.S. Constitution. Now, all the furnishings in the Independence Hall remain the same. The 13 conference tables are covered with green velvet tablecloths, and there are papers, stationery boxes, books and candle holders used in those years.
The famous Independence Bell, which was originally displayed in the Independence Hall, was moved to the lawn in front of the Independence Hall on the 200th anniversary of the independence of the United States, and a glass-protected room was built. The bell is engraved with the inscription “Declare freedom to be exercised throughout the whole country and shared by all”. In 1948, the U.S. Congress passed a bill to protect Independence Hall and its surrounding historic buildings, establishing the National Independence Historical Park. UNESCO has declared it as one of the World Cultural Heritage.